CBD Basics: A guide to some of the most frequently asked questions | Learn Everything you need to know about CBD

What is CBD?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is an organic compound that comes from the hemp plant. It is one of over 100 unique compounds found in hemp, known as cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids, which can be either made by plants (phytocannabinoids) or produced naturally by the body (endocannabinoid - endo is short for endogenous, meaning originating in the body), are chemical compounds that interact with the body’s own endocannabinoid system. This system is known to manage homeostasis and regulate many bodily processes.

CBD is an example of a phytocannabinoid. Although our bodies can naturally produce their own endocannabinoids that bind to cannabinoid receptors in both the central and peripheral nervous system, phytocannabinoids are thought to help regulate our bodies as well.

Is CBD legal and the difference between hemp and marijuana.

Although laws may vary by state, the passing of the 2018 United States Farm Bill allows US farmers to grow and sell industrial hemp. This bill states that we American citizens can now study, manufacture, sell, and consume products created from industrial hemp that contains less than 0.3% THC. At TruPotency, all of our products are tested by third-party laboratories that comply with the 2018 United States Farm Bill and many products are produced to have only CBD and no THC (0.0%).

Some confusion comes from the fact that both marijuana and hemp are forms of cannabis. However, cannabis does not mean marijuana. Cannabis is the genus name and an umbrella term under which all forms of marijuana and hemp belong. According to the 2018 United States Farm Bill, hemp must have 0.3% or less THC (the psychoactive compound that causes the feeling of being  “high”). The reason hemp is so special is that it has high concentrations of CBD and low concentrations of THC. On the other hand, Marijuana is often cultivated to contain as much THC as possible. 

Will CBD make you high and is CBD addictive?

CBD will NOT get you high, THC is the main component in cannabis that is responsible for the "high", although there are other cannabinoids that can produce a similar feeling. If you are sensitive to THC, we carry many products that are made with 99%+ pure CBD that should be void of any amount of THC that would cause this effect.

Another important point is that CBD is NOT addictive. This might make CBD a potential alternative to opioid medications, like Oxycontin, for pain that has reduced negative effects, like addiction while maintaining pain relief. 

How is CBD made?

Methods for producing CBD are similar to those used in the medical marijuana industry. First you must grow and harvest the hemp plant. After the hemp plant has been harvested, CBD with other cannabinoids and beneficial plant compounds are extracted with a number of different methods. Two popular methods are CO2 and ethanol extraction, but other methods such as hydrocarbon (e.g. butane and/or propane) or solvenless (e.g. rosin press) extraction can also extract the beneficial organic compounds from the cannabis plant. 

This extract is then cleaned up and can be used directly in CBD oil products or it can be further processed to purify each of the cannabinoids and terpenes separately. We test for residual solvents to make sure the extraction process does not leave anything harmful behind. 

How to use CBD.

 

One of the most popular types of CBD products is CBD gummies. CBD gummies are in the “edible” or “ingestible” category. These are eaten just like the non-CBD gummies, but you probably shouldn’t eat the whole bag of the CBD variety. These are popular because of their tasty, fun form factor. Not all CBD gummies are created equal though; In our lab testing experience CBD gummies are one of the worst offenders, so that is why TruPotency is here to help you find the best high quality CBD gummies. Other ingestible CBD products include CBD capsules, tablets, chocolates, beverages, suckers, and more.

CBD tinctures are one of the most common types of CBD products, because it is very simple to produce. In the most simple form you have two ingredients, CBD isolate or a full-spectrum high CBD extract and an oil (commonly fractionated coconut oil called MCT oil). These tinctures are placed under the tongue with a dropper. It is best to hold the oil under your tongue for 1-2 minutes, because the CBD can be absorbed through blood capillaries under the tongue. You can also just swallow the tincture if you would like. CBD tinctures can be flavored and sweetened for a tastier experience as well.

Topical CBD products are a great way to apply CBD to a targeted area for direct effect. This category includes CBD lotions, CBD creams, CBD facial serums, and more. Topical CBD lotions and similar products are applied just like you would use a hydrating lotion for rough skin or cooling pain relief cream to a sore area. If you are having skin irritation or joint pain, you just rub the topical CBD onto the affected area.

Transdermal patches are a great way to get sustained release of CBD throughout your day for lasting relief. The transdermal patches are designed to enhance the penetration of CBD so that it can get through your skin and into your bloodstream. CBD transdermal patches are placed on an area with a of arteries and veins, like the wrist, and stay on for up to 8 hours. Discrete, travel friendly, and ease of use make transdermal patches a great choice for CBD oil based products.

There are many other forms of CBD, but these are the main ones you will find on TruPotency and elsewhere.

What is CBD good for?

You may have heard that CBD is beneficial for everything from pain and anxiety to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. This review goes through some of the major therapeutic potential properties with a great infographic below. Now keep in mind this is POTENTIAL for therapy. CBD only exists as an FDA approved drug in the form of Epidiolex, used to treat seizures. 

The linked review lists several potential benefits of CBD:

  • Neuroprotective
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Relieve pain
  • Relieve anxiety
  • Antidepressant
  • Antioxidant
  • Antinausea
  • And more...

Although most of this research is preclinical in nature, the major evidence seems to be most strong with CBD reducing pain and inflammation, relieving anxiety symptoms, and alleviating nausea, although there is much research ongoing.

When does CBD start to work and how long does it stay in your system?

This review goes over how the body is processing CBD. The major takeaway is the variability in study to study and from person to person. The most common form of CBD intake (oral,  by mouth, or ingestible) tends to take about two to four hours to reach maximum levels in your blood and the elimination half-life has been reported anywhere from two hours up to 24 hours from a single use and two to five days for chronic oral administration. 

One complication is that everyone’s biology is different and will respond differently to the same compounds. Think about caffeine, some people cannot even have a sip of coffee without getting the jitters, while others need a double shot of espresso to get the morning started. There is even a website, similar to 23andMe, that will analyze your genetics then come up with a theoretical “best” THC to CBD ratio based on your particular genes. So a “one size fits all” is probably not realistic.

Sublingual administration is close to ingestibles in terms of absorption. Here a tincture is placed under the tongue and help in place for one to two minutes. This is thought to slightly increase the amount of CBD absorbed because of the high amount of blood vessels under the tongue. So, the effect might start somewhat quicker than a capsule but some of the tincture will still make its way to your stomach for processing. 

Other routes of administration can slightly change how CBD is processed. Topicals are probably mainly beneficial for the skin because it is hard for lipophilic (fat loving) drugs to get through the skin and into the bloodstream. They tend to start working fairly quickly (5-30 minutes) and can last for a fair amount of time (many hours). Inhalation (vaping and smoking) will start acting the quickest because your lungs are the quickest way to your blood steam (beside a direct venous or arterial injection). But quick into the bloodstream means quicker out of the body, so the effects will start taking place within 1-5 minutes and the half-life is thought to be shorter (around 2-4 hours). 

What does taking CBD feel like?

As mentioned previously, CBD will NOT get you high. Because there is no strong noticeable effect euphoric effects it is harder to feel how CBD is affecting you. Generally speaking, the main effect on your mind will be a reduction in stress and anxiety symptoms with an overall calm feeling, not a sedative calming (like Ambian) but a general relaxing effect. The main effect on your body will be a reduction in soreness and inflammation, similar to taking an ibuprofen. 

What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp seed oil?

CBD oil is frequently referred to as “Hemp Oil” and the terms can be used interchangeably.  There is, however, a cold-pressed hemp oil derived only from the seeds of the plant that does not contain CBD. It is important to distinguish between hemp oil made from seeds that contain no CBD, and hemp-based oil made from the cannabis plant that does contain CBD.

There is a lot of deceptive products that will say “Cannabis Sativa” on them, but in the ingredients it says hemp seed oil. Hemp seed oil is not going to have actual CBD in it.  Look for clearly stated amount of CBD in milligrams(mg), as this denotes the amount of CBD in the product. It is Amazon's policy to not sell any CBD or cannabinoid products, so their “hemp oil” claims fall under hemp seed oil when shopping there. 

How much CBD should you take?

Many people wonder how much CBD they should take and unfortunately there is probably not a great solution for the exact amount. One complication is that everyone’s biology is different and will respond differently to the same compounds. Think about caffeine, some people cannot even have a sip of coffee without getting the jitters, while others need a double shot of espresso to get the morning started. There is even a website, similar to 23andMe, that will analyze your genetics then come up with a theoretical “best” THC to CBD ratio based on your particular genes. So a “one size fits all” is probably not realistic.

However to give an example of what is used, Epidiolex (the FDA approved version of CBD for seizures) can be used at 5 milligrams per kilogram of body weight (mg/kg)  twice a day. So what does that mean? A 155 pound person is about 70 kilograms, so 5 mg/kg would equate to 350 mg CBD twice a day. Now this is pure CBD for a very specific disease, so it might not translate well to other disorders. 

There is also something called the entourage (or ensemble) effect, whereby various cannabinoids and terpenes can work synergistically to enhance the effects of each other. So using a combination of other cannabinoids and terpenes in conjunction with CBD can reduce the amount of CBD you need.

One thing to be wary of is that CBD can inhibit enzymes that break down other drugs, effectively increasing the amount of other drugs in your body, similar to why some medications tell you to avoid grapefruit juice. This has been shown with blood thinners, but probably extends to other drugs as well.

The best advice would be to talk to your doctor about potential interactions.

What is the difference between full spectrum, broad spectrum, isolate

 

The term Full Spectrum relates to the hemp extract that is as close to the original plant as possible which can contain dozens of cannabinoids and terpenes, not only CBD but CBG, THC, CBN, CBC, myrcene, pinene and many more organic compounds found naturally in the hemp plant. An assortment of cannabinoids and terpenes can contribute to the “entourage effect” whereby various cannabinoids and terpenes can work synergistically to enhance the effects of each other. So using a combination of other cannabinoids and terpenes in conjunction with CBD can reduce the amount of CBD you need.

The term Isolate refers to a chemically reduced version of the hemp extract which contains a single cannabinoid, such as CBD. The full spectrum extract is processed in such a way to obtain 99%+ pure CBD. CBD alone can have many health benefits, like reducing soreness and stress. 

Broad spectrum is somewhere in between isolate and full spectrum. This contains multiple cannabinoids and terpenes, but has been processed in such a way to remove THC from the product, which can be important for those looking to avoid THC. You still get the benefits of other cannabinoids and terpenes, but not quite as much as full spectrum products. 

 

 

Will I pass a drug test if I take CBD?

Unfortunately we have to say… it depends; yes you will pass your drug test (with a caveat). Most drug test can distinguish between THC and CBD and their metabolites, but some low cost tests (like drug testing kits for the field) can trigger false positives. Most legitimate testing labs will be able to distinguish between THC and CBD and their metabolites. The other caveat is that full spectrum products will contain some THC in them. Depending on the levels, this could also cause a positive reading on a drug test. We carry many products that are made with 99%+ pure CBD with 0.0% THC.

What is the entourage (or ensemble) effect?

If you listen to music, you know that it takes more than one note to create a song, and more than one instrument to create a band. Much like a well-orchestrated symphony, cannabis compounds can work together to create what is known as the “entourage effect,” an interactive synergy created by the combined presence of terpenes and cannabinoids.

Certain compounds called terpenes or terpenes can be combined with cannabinoids to create a synergistic effect (think 1+1=3). Because of naturally occurring variation in these compounds from plant to plant and product to product, products may contain unique combinations of cannabinoids and terpenes that produce different combined effects.

If you listen to music, you know that it takes more than one note to create a song, and more than one instrument to create a band. Much like a well-orchestrated symphony, cannabis compounds can work together to create what is known as the “entourage effect,” an interactive synergy created by the combined presence of terpenes and cannabinoids.

Certain compounds called terpenes or terpenes can be combined with cannabinoids to create a synergistic effect (think 1+1=3). Because of naturally occurring variation in these compounds from plant to plant and product to product, products may contain unique combinations of cannabinoids and terpenes that produce different combined effects.

Is CBD safe for pets?

Animals will have endocannabinoid systems similar to humans and can . Although the data is limited, one study from Cornell suggests that 2 mg/kg per day may help with osteoarthritis in dogs. As with human research, more needs to be done regarding safty. One thing to keep in mind is that THC can affect your pets more than humans, so be wary and if the product you use has THC and talk to your vet. We do carry many CBD isolate tinctures designed for your furry friend. 

Where to get the best cbd oil online?

Since you are already here on TruPotency.com, we think you know our suggestion, but there are many benefits to shopping at TruPotency.com. 

The mission at TruPotency.com is to shed light on the CBD industry and curate the safest, most effective, and highest-quality CBD products. Our team started to research and analyze how to filter through thousands of CBD brands, from mediocre to the highest quality. Having personal experience with a multitude of brands, we knew the effectiveness of most high-grade CBD products. It has become our mission to provide information regarding the quality CBD products that you will ultimately purchase and use.

Over 250 CBD products were tested even before the conception of TruPotency.com. Using trusted independent laboratory partners and spending thousands of dollars on advanced analytical testing, we were shocked by the results. Only 20% of the CBD products we tested passed our stringent standards. Less than 50 products had been labelled with correct amounts of CBD, no THC as stated, and void of non-desirables.